Falcon Fusion SOAR and Machine Learning-based Detections Automate Data Protection Workflows

Time is of the essence when it comes to protecting your data, and often, teams are sifting through hundreds or thousands of alerts to try to pinpoint truly malicious user behavior.

May 27, 2024 - 16:07
May 27, 2024 - 16:48
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Falcon Fusion SOAR and Machine Learning-based Detections Automate Data Protection Workflows
Techatty All-in-1 Publishing
Techatty All-in-1 Publishing

Time is of the essence when it comes to protecting your data, and often, teams are sifting through hundreds or thousands of alerts to try to pinpoint truly malicious user behavior. Manual triage and response takes up valuable resources, so machine learning can help busy teams prioritize what to tackle first and determine what warrants further investigation.

The new Detections capability in CrowdStrike Falcon® Data Protection reduces friction for teams working to protect their organizational data, from company secrets and intellectual property to sensitive personally identifiable information (PII) or payment card industry (PCI) data. These detections are designed to revolutionize the way organizations detect and mitigate data exfiltration risks, discover unknown threats and prioritize them based on advanced machine learning models.

Key benefits of Falcon Data Protection Detections include:

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  • Machine learning-based anomaly detections: Automatically identify previously unrecognized patterns and behavioral anomalies associated with data exfiltration.
  • Integration with third-party applications via CrowdStrike Falcon® Fusion SOAR workflows and automation: Integrate with existing security infrastructure and third-party applications to enhance automation and collaboration, streamlining security operations.
  • Rule-based detections: Define custom detection rules to identify data exfiltration patterns and behaviors.
  • Risk prioritization: Automatically prioritize risks by severity, according to the confidence in the anomalous behavior, enabling organizations to focus their resources on mitigating the most critical threats first.
  • Investigative capabilities: Gain deeper insights into potential threats and take proactive measures to prevent breaches with tools to investigate and correlate data exfiltration activities.

Potential Tactics for Data Exfiltration

The threat of data exfiltration looms over organizations of all sizes. With the introduction of Falcon Data Protection Detections, organizations now have a powerful tool to effectively identify and mitigate data exfiltration risks. Below, we delve into examples of how Falcon Data Protection Detections can identify data exfiltration via USB drives and web uploads, highlighting the ability to surface threats and prioritize them for mitigation.

For example, a disgruntled employee may connect a USB drive to transfer large volumes of sensitive data. Falcon Data Protection’s ML-based detections will identify when the number of files or file types moved deviates from that of a user’s or peer group’s typical behavior and will raise an alert, enabling security teams to investigate and mitigate the threat.

In another scenario, a malicious insider may attempt to exfiltrate an unusual file type containing sensitive data by uploading it to a cloud storage service or file-sharing platform. By monitoring web upload activities and correlating them against a user’s typical file types egressed, Falcon Data Protection Detections can identify suspicious behavior indicative of unauthorized data exfiltration — even if traditional rules would have missed these events.

In both examples, Falcon Data Protection Detections demonstrates its ability to surface risks associated with data exfiltration and provide security teams with the insights they need to take swift and decisive action. By using advanced machine learning models and integrating seamlessly with the rest of the CrowdStrike Falcon® platform, Falcon Data Protection Detections empowers organizations to stay one step ahead of cyber threats and protect their most valuable asset — their data.

Figure 1. A machine learning-based detection surfaced by Falcon Data Protection for unusual USB egress

Anomaly Detections: Using Behavioral Analytics for Comprehensive Protection

In the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity threats, organizations must continually innovate their detection methodologies to stay ahead of adversaries. Our approach leverages user behavioral analytics at three distinct levels — User Level, Peer Level and Company Level — to provide organizations with comprehensive protection and increase the accuracy of detections.

User Level: Benchmarks for Contextual History

At the User Level, behavioral analytics are employed to understand and contextualize each individual user’s benchmark activity against their own personal history. By analyzing factors such as file activity, access patterns and destination usage, organizations can establish a baseline of normal behavior for each user.

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Using machine learning algorithms, anomalies that deviate from this baseline are flagged as potential indicators of data exfiltration attempts.

Peer Level: Analyzing User Cohorts with Similar Behavior

Behavioral analytics can also be applied at the Peer Level to identify cohorts of users who exhibit similar behavior patterns, regardless of their specific work functions. This approach involves clustering users based on their behavioral attributes and analyzing their collective activities. By extrapolating and analyzing user cohorts, organizations can uncover anomalies that may not be apparent at the User Level.

For example, if an employee and their peers typically only handle office documents, but one day the employee begins to upload source code files to the web, a detection will be created even if the volume of activity is low, because it is so atypical for this peer group. This approach surfaces high-impact events that might otherwise be missed by manual triage or rules based on static attributes.

Company Level: Tailoring Anomalies to Expected Activity

At the Company Level, user behavioral analytics are magnified to account for the nuances of each organization’s business processes and to tailor anomalies to their expected activity. This involves incorporating domain-specific knowledge and contextual understanding of the organization’s workflows and operations based on file movements and general data movement.

By aligning detection algorithms with the organization’s unique business processes, security teams can more accurately identify deviations from expected activity and prioritize them based on their relevance to the organization’s security posture. For example, anomalies that deviate from standard workflows or access patterns can be flagged for further investigation, while routine activities are filtered out to minimize noise. Additionally, behavioral analytics at the Company Level enable organizations to adapt to changes in their environment such as organizational restructuring, new business initiatives or shifts in employee behavior. This agility ensures detection capabilities remain relevant and effective over time.

Figure 2. Falcon Data Protection Detections detailed overview

Figure 3. Falcon Data Protection Detections baseline file and data volume versus detection file and data volume

 

The Details panel includes the detection’s number of files and data volume moved versus the established baselines per user, peers and the organization. This panel also contains contextual factors such as first-time use of a USB device or web destination, and metadata associated with the file activity, to better understand the legitimate reasons behind certain user behaviors. This nuanced approach provides a greater level of confidence that a detection indicates a true positive for data exfiltration.

Rule-based Detections: Enhancing the Power of Classifications and Rules

In addition to the aforementioned anomaly detections, you can configure rule-based detections associated with your data classifications. This enhances the power of data classification to assign severity, manage triage and investigation, and trigger automated workflows. Pairing these with anomaly detections gives your team more clarity into what to pursue first and lets you establish blocking policies for actions that should not occur.

Figure 4. Built-in case management and investigation tools help streamline team processes

 

Traditional approaches to data exfiltration detection often rely on manual monitoring, which is labor-intensive and time-consuming, and strict behavior definitions, which lack important context and are inherently limited in their effectiveness. These methods struggle to keep pace with the rapidly evolving threat landscape, making it challenging for organizations to detect and mitigate data exfiltration in real time. As a result, many organizations are left vulnerable to breaches. By pairing manual data classification with the detections framework, organizations’ institutional knowledge is enhanced by the power of the Falcon platform.

Figure 5. Turn on rule-based detections in your classification rules

 

Combining the manual approach with the assistance of advanced machine learning models and automation brings the best of both worlds, paired with the institutional knowledge and subject matter expertise of your team.

Stop Data Theft: Automate Detection and Response with Falcon Fusion Workflows

When you integrate with Falcon Fusion SOAR, you can create workflows to precisely define the automated actions you want to perform in response to Falcon Data Protection Detections. For example, you can create a workflow that automatically generates a ServiceNow incident ticket or sends a Slack message when a high-severity data exfiltration attempt is detected.

Falcon Data Protection Detections uses advanced machine learning algorithms and behavioral analytics to identify anomalous patterns indicative of data exfiltration. By continuously monitoring user behavior and endpoint activities, Falcon Data Protection can detect and mitigate threats in real time, reducing the risk of data breaches and minimizing the impact on organizations’ operations. Automation enables organizations to scale their response capabilities efficiently, allowing them to adapt to evolving threats and protect their sensitive assets. With automated investigation and response, security teams can shift their efforts away from sifting through vast amounts of data manually to investigating and mitigating high-priority threats.

CrowdStrike SETTING THE STANDARD FOR SECURITY IN THE CLOUD ERA. CrowdStrike has redefined security with the world’s most advanced cloud-native platform that protects and enables the people, processes and technologies that drive modern enterprise. CrowdStrike secures the most critical areas of enterprise risk – endpoints and cloud workloads, identity, and data – to keep customers ahead of today’s adversaries and stop breaches.
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